Cognitive Disorders and Delirium

cognitive disordersThe information stated in this article is all based on what was provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Cognitive disorders and delirium are both neuropsychiatric syndromes that are often experienced by patients suffering from cancer and other advanced illnesses. The possibility ranges from 28% to 48% from individuals who have advanced cancer or has been admitted to the hospital. The patients usually undergo delirium hours or days before they die.

The syndrome is often referred to as acute confusional state and in the last days of a patient’s life, terminal restlessness represents delirium. Delirium is usually associated with the dying phase of a person’s life but some episodes are still reversible. There are therapeutic interventions that can reverse delirium or at least provide an improvement.

Moreover, prevention of the syndrome with cancer patients has not been systematically examined yet. But the early identification of the risk factors involved is a big help to lower down the occurrence of delirium episodes.

More on Delirium

This is known as a global cerebral disorder that involves difficulty in attention, focus and cognition. It is also associated with behavioral manifestations.

  • The patient finds it difficult to focus which lowers down his or her awareness and attention.
  • The patient undergoes disturbances in cognition and perception.
  • The patient loses track of reality, like what time it is. There’s a fluctuation over the course of a day.

There are other associated non-core clinical features included such as sleep-wake cycle disturbance, delusion, emotional instability and disturbance in the person’s psychomotor activity which is further subcategorized into three types.

  • Hypoactive
  • Hyperactive
  • Combination of hypoactive and hyperactive features

Furthermore, keep in mind that these facts are based on studies conducted among adult patients. These are supported by evidence and practice that relate to adults as discussed. The evidence and treatments may vary when it comes to dealing with children. The results and information vary greatly and should be studied separately. So if you’re concern is getting more facts about the syndrome for children, you better find a study under its own heading. Better yet, go to a specialist that will be able to discuss it to you face-to-face.

Anti-Inflammatory Diet and Your Health

anti-inflammatory dietAnti-inflammatory diet involves eating minimally cooked and organic foods to achieve optimum health and desirable overall well-being. This diet program requires you to eat the following foods for 21 consecutive days to get desirable results.

Steamed Vegetables

Eat as much vegetables as you can but try to avoid potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant and bell peppers. You may eat sweet potatoes and squash even yam. The main reason for recommending that you steam your vegetables is that this cooking process improves the utilization of food substances and lowers down the irritating residue in the gut which enables it to restore itself in time.


You can eat all types of nuts except for peanuts. Your options range from almonds to cashews, walnuts to sunflower seeds – any nut that you fancy.

Legumes and Grains

Legumes are also recommended to be included in your diet. You can eat split peas, lentils, pinto beans, aduki and many more. Grains are also tolerable in this program as long as you limit your intake to two cups of cooked grains every day.

Here is a short list of the type of grains that you can eat:

  • Millet
  • Brown rice
  • Quinoa
  • Barley
  • Buckwheat
  • Oatmeal
  • Amaranth
  • Rice crisps
  • Wasa crackers

You cannot eat anything that has wheat in it. In other words, prepare meals that do not include bread in it especially the white one.

Fish and Chicken

If you want to eat some fish, make sure to choose a deep-sea fish such as salmon, cod, sardines and mackerel. Cooking options that you may use to prepare them are baking, poaching, steaming and broiling. As for chicken or turkey, you may not include the skin. Prepare the meat by baking, steaming or broiling and try to buy an organic chicken from the supermarket.

Stack Up on Fruits

There is a wide variety of fruits that you can include in your anti-inflammatory diet. If you already love eating fruits, then you will enjoy this diet more.

  • Cherries
  • Apples
  • Black currants
  • Blueberries
  • Pineapple
  • Kiwifruit
  • Guava
  • Lemons
  • Limes
  • Mulberries
  • Oranges
  • Papaya
  • Raspberries
  • Strawberries
  • Rhubarb
  • And many more…

Butter and Oils

If you want to use butter on your foods, mix one pound of it with one cup of extra virgin olive oil. Make sure to whip them together at room temperature before storing it in the fridge. If you need to use oil in any of your meal preparations, make sure to always use extra virgin olive oil.

Different Categories of Criminal Offenses

criminal offenseThe three categories of criminal offense in the United States include felony, misdemeanor and infraction. These different categories are differentiated by the severity of the offense and the type of punishment given to an individual that is convicted of the crime.


This is the most serious category of all crimes. The punishment for a felony committed is incarceration of more than a year in jail. Some cases even go as far as life imprisonment without parole and others even end up in execution. Property and violation crimes can both be considered as felony. Rape, robbery, murder and many other crimes all fall under felony and are appropriately punishable under the law.

Moreover, the person who committed the crime along with all his or her accessories will be charged with felony and will serve the sentenced punishment for the act they committed.  People who helped prevent the capture of a felon will also be punished. The classification of a felony is different from one state to another and each has its own minimum or maximum sentences.

However, anyone who is convicted as a felon will lose his or her civil rights, will not be allowed to vote or even bear arms.


This category encompasses crimes that are not as severe as felonies. These illegal acts are referred to as lesser crimes wherein the maximum sentence is for 1 year or less in prison. A misdemeanor can be distinguished from a felony depending on the seriousness of a crime. Frustrated homicide is considered a felony while punching someone is just a misdemeanor. However, there are some cases of misdemeanors that can rise up to felony under specific circumstances. Take for instance, possession of marijuana that is less than an ounce in some states is classified as misdemeanor. But if you have more than an ounce then possession with the intent to distribute can be charged to you and this is a felony.


An infraction is a committed crime that does not call for jail time as a sentence. They are usually considered as petty crimes that are punishable by fines. Infractions may also not be taken to court if the settlement has already been done. They are ordinances that are passed to control the behavior of residents in a certain community. Examples of these are speed limit, no parking and anti-noise laws. However, just like any other crime an infraction may also be raised up to a more serious level of crime. So be very careful not to commit an act that causes damage or injury as it can be considered as a serious offense.

Everything to Know About Crime

CrimeA crime refers to an act that breaks the law and this will result to an appropriate punishment. In the event that you violate a law or breach a rule, then you are considered to have committed a criminal offense. Crimes are categorized into two types – property crime and violent crime.

Property Crime

This type of crime is committed to you when someone damages, destroys or steals your property. Good examples are stealing of a car and vandalizing an establishment. This type of crime has the highest percentage of occurrence in the United States.

Violent Crime

 Violent crimes, on the other hand, occur when someone harms, threatens or conspires to harm you or anybody else. This type of crime involves force or threat of force. The most common violent crimes committed in the country include rape, murder, robbery and kidnapping.

Some crimes can be categorized as both property and violent crimes. A good example is carjacking a vehicle at gunpoint or conducting robbery at a convenience store using a handgun as a weapon.

Federal, State and Local Laws

Society has a system of laws used to determine if an act is a crime. There are three separate systems of laws in the United States and these are federal, state and local systems.

Federal Law – this system is run by the House of Representatives and the Senate. The laws passed by the Congress apply to everyone living in the country. There are instances when a federal law is in conflict with the state or local law of a certain place. When this happens, the federal law is generally followed.

State Law – this system is ruled by elected legislators and may greatly vary from state to state. Drunk driving is considered illegal in the United States but the punishment for each state is different. Another example is the gun laws followed in all 50 states – there is variation from one state to another.

Local Law – this is usually referred to as ordinances because it is passed by the local county or governing bodies of a specific city. Local laws or ordinances usually rule how the residents of a specific community should behave. For example, a local no smoking ordinance may prohibit the citizens of Mississippi from smoking in public but it will not affect the residents of the other 49 states.

Ignorance of the Law

There is usually intent to break the law for an individual to commit a criminal offense. However, there are instances that a person is unaware of the law when he or she commits the act and is therefore charged with a crime. Always remember though, that ignorance of the law is not an excuse. So always be aware of the laws that apply in the place where you are.

How to Take Extra Care of Your Vagina

healthy vaginaYour vagina is one of the most sensitive parts of your body. It deserves all the tender, loving care that you can give it every day. It does a lot of good things for you – like childbirth, and keeping it clean is just one way for you to return such favors. The following are helpful tips to keep your vagina in a happy, healthy state.

Buy Comfortable Underwear

Even though your lady part will appreciate wearing sexy lingerie, they also need the comfort that granny panties offer every once in a while. Your vagina has its own way of enjoying every type of underwear that you have in your drawer – so be sure to always have a variety!

Don’t Wear Any Underwear to Sleep

Sometimes, it’s good to let your lady part breathe freely without wearing any underwear to sleep. You can even ditch wearing one as you about your daily activities! However, try to avoid doing so if you’re planning to put on some jeans.

Spoil Your Lady Part by Eating Healthy Foods

Eating a healthy diet can also do a big thing for your vagina. Keep in stock fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and Greek yogurt for optimum vaginal health. Good food will also keep it smelling fresh and clean.

Don’t be Afraid to Check Yourself Out

It is a fact that many women are hesitant to grab a mirror and check their vaginas closely. It may feel uncomfortable at first, but keep in mind that it is important to keep a close watch to your private part. Being familiar with the way it looks will help you recognize unlikely changes and prevent potential problems from happening down there.

 Always Shower After Workout

Never skip your post-sweat shower session as doing so may lead to serious yeast infections. You may find yourself caught up in more itchy situations that you can handle and you wouldn’t like that.

Do Kegels!

Kegels will help make your vaginal walls and tissues stronger. Doing this regularly will serve as an additional protection for your lady part to incur serious problems in the long run.

Wear Padded Bike Shorts

If you are fond of cycling, especially long miles, make sure to wear padded bike shorts to protect your vagina and to avoid suffering from any cycling-induced spasms and pains.

All You Need to Know About Transvaginal Mesh

transvaginal meshWhat is It and Its Purpose

It’s a net-like implant that helps treat pelvic organ prolapse – a condition that involves the descent of your bladder, uterus or rectum from your vagina. Sounds horrifying, right? It can happen to any woman regardless of the age and body type. Its risk factors range from genetics to vaginal delivery. This situation should not be taken lightly as it can make going about your normal daily routine impossible.

The main purpose of the transvaginal mesh is to protect the native tissue of your vagina. The tissue may already have been stretched out and is not strong in the first place. Using the mesh is highly suggested by doctors to provide better suspension or support for the tissues.

The Reason Behind the Numerous Commercials

 Transvaginal mesh has indeed made its own name in the industry as fast as wildfire. Many patients who have had the device implanted have experienced varying complications and injuries. They are looking for law firms to represent them in their complaints these days. It turns out, the device was not properly tested for long term treatment.

Prior to transvaginal mesh, doctors used a procedure that is referred to native tissue repair involving the use of absorbable sutures. Unfortunately, the medical procedure had a 30 percent failure rate which is why doctors looked for another way to correct incontinence and repair abdominal hernias.

The device was advertised to doctors as durable with high success rates and fast recovery outcomes. However, it was not tested for long-term use and no clinical data was present to support its claims. Some of the women who have had transvaginal mesh implanted in them experienced bleeding, pain and even erosion – this means that the mesh was moving around their vaginal wall and even through their organs.

What You Should Know

If you are still in your 20s or 30s, then there is no need for you to have a transvaginal mesh implanted. Although there are women who have complaints about the device, some have had successful surgery outcomes too. Some hospitals have also ceased the use of the device yet some still continue to conduct transvaginal mesh-augmented repairs.

If worse comes to worst and you experience a prolapse, ask your doctor for a different option. Some doctors insert a pessary, which is a rubber-like piece that holds things up, instead of a mesh. A great way to prevent this from happening to you is to strengthen your vaginal muscles. Performing kegels on a regular basis is a good start. Keeping your weight healthy through proper diet and exercise is also a good help.

Chiropractic Treatment for Sciatica

sciaticaSciatica is indicated by pain in the lower back or buttock that spreads out to the legs. The nerve pain felt by the patient varies in intensity and frequency – it can be moderate, severe or minimal and intermittent, constant or occasional.

Doctors of Chiropractic often deal with this medical condition and the pain their patients feel may be described as sharp and dull – like pins or needles are pricked through your nerves that cause electric shocks. Other symptoms that may be experienced by sciatica patients are numbness, burning and tingling sensations. This is why sciatica is often referred to as radiating pain, neuropathy or neuralgia.

However, it is important to keep in mind that sciatica is not a medical disorder, rather a symptom of a disorder.

Causes of Sciatica

When you have a nerve compression, that’s when you experience sciatica. Some examples of disorders that cause sciatica are lumbar spine subluxations, pregnancy and bulging discs. Non-spinal disorders such as diabetes and constipation may also cause you to feel sciatica. Such conditions can cause cramps or spasms in the muscles that pinch the sciatic nerve and lead to inflammation and pain. Sciatic nerve compression can further result to a loss of feeling or paralysis of limbs or group of muscles.

It is Essential to Have Proper Diagnosis for Sciatica

A chiropractor’s first step is to determine the cause of sciatica because there are many disorders that cause this pain. He or she will need to conduct a medical background check as well as a physical and neurological examination. You may need to undergo x-ray, MRI, CT scan and other tests to determine possible contradictions to spinal adjustments and other chiropractic treatments.

Chiropractic Approach for Sciatic Symptoms

The sole purpose of chiropractic treatment is to aid in the body’s natural ability to heal itself. Chiropractic is based on the principle that restricted spinal movement will lead to pain and improper body function. Another good thing about this treatment is that it’s drug-free and non-invasive.

They type of treatment given by a chiropractor will depend on the cause of a patient’s sciatica. The following are examples of treatments used to approach sciatica conditions.

  • Ice cold therapy – this helps reduce inflammation and lessens the pain.
  • Ultrasound – a gentle heat is created by the sound waves and it penetrates into the body’s tissues to improve the circulation of blood and prevent muscles spasms, cramping and stiffness.
  • TENS – transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is a box-like portable machine that stimulates the muscles. This machine has varying electrical current intensities that can control pain and lessen muscles spasms. Chiropractors, physical therapists and rehab professionals use this machine all the time.

Chiropractic Treatment and Scoliosis

scoliosisDoctors need to look at an x-ray image of your spine to make a firm diagnosis of how severe your scoliosis is. In order to plan out the appropriate treatment for you, a doctor needs to take into account how serious your curve situation already is among other factors. Another factor that needs to be considered is your age because if you’re still young and your spine is still growing, a variation of treatment choices is available for you. Your doctor will have to determine if your condition is likely to get worse and will suggest treatment options that will help better your spine curve.

If your curve measures from 25 to 50 degrees, they it is highly recommended that you seek for professional treatment. Curves that are higher than 50 degrees should undergo surgery as soon as possible to restore your normal posture.

Things that can Make Your Spine Straight

One thing’s for sure, a scoliosis curve will not straighten up on its own. Regular wearing of brace can help make it better but it will not fully straighten your back up. Surgery, a spinal fusion, is unfortunately the only sure way that will restore your normal spine condition – though not completely straight.

What If I Just Have a Slight Curve?

For children and grown-ups who only have a slight curve, which means less than 20 degrees curve, your doctor will regularly monitor your spine to ensure that it is not getting worse. You will be asked to have a check-up every 6 months and follow up x-rays annually.

Without Treatment, the Curve will Get Worse

There are two strong factors that can help predict if a scoliosis case is bound to get worse – young age and diagnosis of a large curve. Individuals who are 10 years and younger and have curves that are greater than 35 degrees are bound to suffer from serious cases if they don’t get treatment. Doctors said that once a person is fully grown, there is less chance for a curve to progress rapidly. Studies have shown that adults who have less than 30 degrees curve tend not to get worse through the years. However, those that have over 50 degrees suffer from worse cases as they incur 1 to 1 ½ degrees every year.

Will Chiropractic Treatment Help Me?

Chiropractic treatment has been very controversial for quite some time now. It is popular for treating acute short-term pain but it doesn’t seem to work as well for chronic conditions like scoliosis. Individuals who suffer from scoliosis and seek chiropractic treatment are often referred to a spinal orthopaedist or a neurosurgeon to prevent their curves from getting worse.

Why Water is Good for You

water therapyThe human body is said to be made up of 60% percent water – using it in all its cells, organs and tissues to continue proper function and regulate temperature. Health experts highly suggest the regular intake of water and foods that contain fluids because your body loses it just by simply breathing and sweating. The amount of water that is required by your body is determined by several factors:

  • If you’re physically active or not
  • The climate of the place you live in
  • If you have illness or none
  • And many more…

Importance of Water in the Body

First of all, water protects your spinal cord, tissues and joints. Water can do more than just quenching your thirst, it can also keep your body tissues moist. It’s important that the moisture level of your eyes, nose, mouth, bones, brain and blood is at its optimum because these are very sensitive areas. And since water act as a lubricant and cushion for your joints, it also serves as a shield for your spinal cord.

Water Removes Waste from Body

If you have adequate amount of water in your body, it would be easier to remove waste form it through perspiring, urinating and defecating. Your internal organs like the kidney and liver uses water to flush out the toxins and wastes. Water can also prevent constipation as it keeps your stool soft. However, keep in mind that increasing water intake is not proven to cure constipation.

Helps Your Digestive System

The digestive process starts with your saliva which is based on water. The enzymes that are found in the saliva are responsible in breaking down food and liquid that you take in your body. It turns them into minerals and nutrients that are essential to your body. Water aids in your digestion of soluble fibers that benefits your bowel health by producing soft stools that easily pass through your system.

It Prevents Dehydration

Your body loses water every time you engage in physical activities. In fact, it loses water even when you’re just sitting around. It’s very important that you drink water especially during high heat climate or performing vigorous exercise. Lack in water may lead to dehydration that is very dangerous for your health. Doctors even recommend their patients to increase water intake if it would help treat some health conditions like UTI and other bladder infections. Higher levels of fluid intake are also advisable for expecting mothers and new mothers who are breastfeeding.

Who to Sue during Defective Product Claims

defective productsHave you been a victim of a defective product? Do you wish to file a case to recover the damage you’ve incurred? If so, get to know the right people or companies to sue in the event of a defective product claim. However, be reminded that identifying all the parties liable for your injury is a complicated process. So you have to be resourceful and vigilant to ensure your full recovery for all the damages incurred.

Members of the Chain of Distribution

Keep in mind that you should always include all the parties in the ‘chain of distribution’. This means that you start from the manufacturer to the distributors of the product that you bought. Here are some information that you might find useful about the entities that you should look for.

Manufacturer. The manufacturer of the product is always at the beginning of the chain. They vary in size – some may be big companies and others may be individuals working from their garage. If in any case you’ll be dealing with a big company, you should include the manufacturer of the defective part and the manufacturer of the whole product. In fact, you can include everyone from design to marketing if you believe that they are potentially connected to the defect.

Retailer. The retailer may not be responsible for producing the defective product but he or she still has a role to play in your injury for selling it. Always remember that all the parties involved in the ‘chain of distribution’ should be included in your lawsuit.

Wholesaler or Distributor. In between the manufacturer and the retailer, there are many other parties involved such as the wholesalers and distributors. They are what they call ‘middle men’, but are still significant members of the ‘chain of distribution. They are also liable for your injury and should be included in your lawsuit.

Dealing with Foreign Defendants

In some cases, you may have to deal with foreign businesses as your defendants. However, this reason should not hinder you from pursuing a case against them. Take comfort in the fact that doing business in the country subjects the company to the jurisdiction of the courts where it is located.  

Dealing with Corporation Defendants

All of the parties included in the ‘chain of distribution’ may be corporations. The liability law states that corporations are considered as persons and will be held responsible if proven guilty. However, corporations may change shape, form and size especially if merging with other organizations takes place. The successor will always take responsibility for the predecessor’s participation in distributing such defective products.